CAPTION – CATTLE & BUFFALO BREEDING IN KARNATAKA

 

BREEDING POLICY – OBJECTIVE



          1.   To produce economically producing milch animals in large numbers.

2.   To combine productivity and adoptability including draftability to meet  the local  requirement.

3.   Conservation and improvement  of indigenous Germ Plasm, and

4.   Genetic improvement of the buffalo population for increased milk production. 

BULL CALF PRODUCTION CENTRES

 

Sl.No

 

Breeds

Herd Strength

No.of Bull calves Produced per annum

Special features

1

Amrithmahal cattle Breeding Station, Ajjampur, Chickmagalore Dist.

Amrithmahal draught Cattle

1300

100

Hard hoof Roburt body, ferocious employed during 17th Century war fares.

2

Hallikar Cattle Breeding Station, Kunikenahalli, Tumkur,dist.

Hallikar draught Cattle

200

20

Herd hoof slim look fast gait Timid

3

Khillar Cattle Breeding  Station, Bankapur, Dharwad,Dist.

Khillar draught Cattle

200

20

Tall,majestic looks, suitable to work in block cotton soil.

 
INDIGENOUS BREEDS OF KARNATAKA

CATTLE BREEDS


Hallikar, Amrithmahal in the southern part Khillar, Krishavalley and Deoni in the Northern part.  All are draught purpose breeds.

Malnad Gidda is a dwarf variety cattle found in Malnad regions of the State. Germplasm of these breeds are conserved. 

BUFFALO BREEDS

No descript breed of the State exists.  As such the non-descript (swamp) buffalo is upgraded with Surti and Murrah breeds of Northern India for improvement  in milk yield.

Breeding Activity

A.   Process

1.    Indigenous Breeds

1.     Conservation, Molecular genetic studies for selection of traits

2.     Selective Breeding & maintenance of purity. 

2.   Non-descript Breeds Cattle

1.     Cross breeding with Jersey & HF breeds

2.     Restricting exotic inheritance at 62.5% 

3.    Buffaloes

1.     Local non-descript buffaloes are upgraded with surti and Murrah  breeds.

 

FROZEN SEMEN PRODUCTION CENTRES

B.  INFRASTRUCTURE

FROZEN SEMEN PRODUCTION CENTRES

Sl No

Name & Location

Breeds maintained

No.of Doses & FS produced                  per  annum

1

State Semen Collection Centre & Livestock Breeding Farm, Hessaraghatta,

Bangalore-88  Ph. No. 8466456/3415831

HF,JR,HK,AML

One million

2

State Livestock Breeding & Training Centre, Hessaraghatta, Bangalore-88 

HF,JR,SR,MR

One million

3

Livestock Breeding Farm,  Dharwad, UAS Campus

HF,JR,KH,SR & MR

One million

4

Nandini Sperm Station, Hessaraghatta, KMF, Kakolu post, Bangalore

HF,JR,MR

1.2 million

 HK: Hallikar, AML: Amrithmahal, KH: Khillar, SR: Surthi, MR: Murrah 


C.  QUALITY CONTROL

1.  Established an Andrology laboratory at Livestock Breeding Farm, Hessaraghatta to evaluate bull calves.  Semen quality freezability etc.,

2.   Sperm Stations in the State have been equipped with latest equipments & Quality Control Laboratories to produce Frozen Semen to International Standards.

3.  Liquid Nitrogen is made available at 6 Key Points in the State through established grid system.

 

D. STANDARD OF BULLS IN SEMEN PRODUCTION CENTRES 

Dam’s Lactational yield  (305 days)

 Jersey                    3500 – 9000 Kgs.

   HF                        5000 – 10,000 Kgs.

Surthi                    1800 – 2200 Kgs.

Murrah                  2500 – 4000 Kgs. 

        

In addition quality bulls of indigenous draught purpose breeds Viz., Hallikar, Amrithmahal, Khillar & Deoni are also maintained and Frozen Semen produced and released for conservation of these breeds. 

 

E. KARNATAKA LIVESTOCK DEVELOPMENT AGENCY

 

Karnataka State is developing the cattle & buffalo breeding infrastructure under National Project for Cattle & Buffalo Breeding  

Semen Production Centres, Bull mother farms and AI centres have been provided necessary infrastructure like precision equipments, high pedigreed bulls and cryo containers for production of quality frozen semen and intensification of AI through
door step delivery of Artificial Insemination  service.

A bull calf rearing centre has been started at Nandini Sperm Station, Hessarghatta where annually around 100 HF and 25 – 30 jy bull calves selected under the field performance recording are reared.  Bull calves from HF cows having lactation milk yield record above 5500 Kgs. and jersey coes having lactation milk yield of 3500 Kgs. and above only are selected and reared.  Bull calves will be made available to sperm station of other states based on availabiality.  Availabiality of bull calves and other details may be obtained from the Director, Nandini Sperm Station, Hessarghatta, Bangalore-89, Ph. 080-28479078, 28479242, 28479059